A GROWING RESOURCE FOR RESEARCHING GRAY FAMILY HISTORY

The purpose of The Gray Nation site is to assist genealogists in their search for Gray ancestors and relatives. Currently the People database contains 7,196 individuals (889 surnames) with information on birth, death, burial, marriage, immigration, military service and in some cases, photos are included. As of May 2014, other life events such as childbirth, census, education, occupation and marriage/death witness have been added. The source of most of the records is ScotlandsPeople, an excellent site. Everything else comes from Ancestry.com, family archives, location visits and e-mailed contributions from sources around the world. It can be said that the sun never sets on the Gray family.

Poppy Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November to recall the end of World War I on that date in 1918. In the US, it is known as Veteran's Day, a day to honor all veterans. Niall Ferguson claimed in The Pity of War that the proportion of Scots killed was 26.4% of those mobilized (UK 11.8%), 10.9% of males aged 15-49 (UK 6.3%) and 3.1% of population (UK 1.6%). Our database contains 19 men who gave their lives in defense of their country. The family of William Pringle and Marion Gray of Carluke lost three sons: Robert Gray, Alexander and William. The Gray Nation honors their memory and sacrifice.

It is well known that Gray is a common name found throughout the world. To attempt to document all branches of this family with one site would be a very tall order. Therefore this site will set its initial focus on the branch that has its roots in the South Lanarkshire region in Scotland. By the 17th century, these Grays resided in the Carmichael (Ponfeigh) area. Over time they migrated to nearby places such as Carstairs, Pettinain, Carnwath and Carluke. They earned their living as farmers, joiners, carpenters, laborers, shipbuilders, miners, masons, railroaders, tailors, shopkeepers, threadmill workers and entrepreneurs. It should noted that as the result of marriages and migrations, the People database contains individuals from all over Scotland and the world.

Beginning with the early years of the 20th century, many Grays emigrated and some settled in and around the town of Kearny, New Jersey. This part of the story would not be complete without mention of another Scottish family: the Blacks. Members of the John & Mary Hamilton Black family emigrated from Paisley to Kearny around the same time. John Allan Gray and Susan Black married in Kearny and formed one American branch of the Gray family tree.

Kearny's Scottish community was established in the mid to late 19th century. Companies such as Clark Thread (now Coats & Clark) of Paisley, DuPont and Nairn Linoleum provided employment opportunities for immigrant families such as Balfour, Friars, Gildawie, McCallum, Shaw, Spence, Stark, Stevenson and Waugh. There were so many people from Paisley living in Kearny it was dubbed “Little Paisley” and the tram driver would shout out “Paisley Cross” when he reached the crossroads at Bergen and Kearny Avenues.

New information, photos or documents about these Grays or any of the relatives is greatly appreciated. If you wish to contribute or have questions, corrections or comments, please use jrgray@thegraynation.com or click on the following link to send an e-mail to webmaster James Gray. Thank you very much.

Origins of the Gray Family Name

Recorded as Gray, Graye, Grey, Greye, de Grey, MacGray, McGray, McGrah, McGreay, McGrey, and possibly others, this ancient Anglo-Scottish surname has at least two possible origins. The first was Old English and a nickname or personal name for a man with grey hair or beard, from the pre 7th century word "graeg", meaning grey. Although the name means the same in Scotland and Ireland,name holders there took their name from the early Gaelic word "riabhach" which also means brindled or grey. The second separate origin is French and locational. As such it is from the village of Graye in Calvados, Normandy, and was introduced into the British Isles after the famous Conquest of 1066. The village was called from the Roman personal name "Gratus" meaning welcome, with the suffix "acum," a settlement. Early recordings of the surname include Baldwin Grai, in the Pipe Rolls of Berkshire in 1173, and Henry de Gray, in the Pipe Rolls of Nottinghamshire, dated 1196. Other examples include Henry Gray and Jone Darby married at St. Margaret's, Westminster, on November 30th 1539 and Catherine MacGray, christened at Endell Street lying in hospital, city of London on March 17th 1763. Thomas Gray (1716 - 1771), the poet, was most well known for his "Elegy in a Country Churchyard", published in 1751. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Anschitill Grai. This was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Oxfordshire, during the reign of King William 1st, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1087. Source: The Internet Surname Database

The Gray family in the United States is numerous, widespread and consists of many diverse branches. They were among the Pilgrims of New England, the Quakers of Pennsylvania and the early settlers of Virginia and other southern states. Within the first century, between 1620 and 1720, research indicates that there were at least twenty different families of Grays, or different branches of the same family, which had emigrated to this country and made their homes in the New World. As early as 1622, two brothers, Thomas and John Gray, had become proprietors of the island of Nantasket in Boston Harbor by purchase from the Indians. Abraham Gray is mentioned as among the Pilgrim refugees at Leiden, Holland in 1622.

Heading Level 3

Top Ten Surnames in People database:

  Surname Count Surname Count
1 GRAY     465 6 SPENCE    150
2 SMITH    189 7 BROWN     131
3 PRENTICE    182 8 MUIR       91
4 WEIR    179 9 BLACK       89
5 McCALLUM     153 10 FLETT/FRAME      82

Top Twenty Given names in People database:

  Female Count Male Count
1 MARGARET/MAGGIE     444 1 JOHN    612
2 JANET/JESSIE    399 2 JAMES    554
3 MARY    341 3 WILLIAM     475
4 JANE/JEAN     303 4 ROBERT    294
5 ELIZABETH/BETTY    287 5 THOMAS     281
6 AGNES    204 6 ALEXANDER     196
7 ANN/ANNE/ANNIE    175 7 GEORGE      195
8 MARION    171 8 DAVID     121
9 ISABELLA/ISOBEL    166 9 ANDREW     105
10 HELEN/NELLIE    155 10 HUGH       68

Heading Level 3

GordonMac.com serves FREE HTML designs styled and built with minimalism and web standards in mind. Proprietor Gordon Mackay is a web developer from the NE Highlands of Scotland.

Loch Ness Monster Hugh Gray is the man who took the first photograph of Nessie.

Sir Alexander Gray was a civil servant and Professor of Political Economy. He was also a Scots poet – the author of some of the most-quoted lines in modern Scottish poetry.

Pillans World An excellent genealogical site for the Pillans family and relatives.

The worldwide family of Cadzow is one of the most ancient names in Scotland. This site has been awarded the Scottish Names Research Award of Excellence.

ScotlandsPeople One of the largest online sources of original genealogical information with almost 80 million records to access.

Scotland's History Explore 5,000 years of people, events and artifacts.

Scottish Military Research Group An online community open to anyone with an interest in Scottish Military history and genealogy.

Electric Scotland A huge site containing every aspect of Scottish history, biographies of famous Scots and probably the largest collection of information on the Scots Diaspora.

Paisley Tartan Army are keen supporters of the national football team and patriots out to preserve Scotland's history and culture.

Town of Kearny, NJ A short history of the most Scottish town in the US.

West Hudson: A Cradle of American Soccer One of the most vital areas of American soccer, the West Hudson region of northern New Jersey centered on the town of Kearny. Great Scot video featuring MLS star and Kearny native John Harkes